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Trampoline is a competitive Olympic sport where gymnasts perform acrobatics while bouncing on a trampoline. Which include simpke jumps; pike, tuck or straddle position or more complicated combinations of forward or backward somersaults and twists depending on their difficulty levels. 

Two types of trampolines are used namely; euro trampoline and double mini-trampoline.

Euro TrampolineA_double_mini_trampoline

Routines consist of combinations of 10 contacts with the trampoline, combining varying rotations, twists and shapes with take-off and landing in one of four positions mentioned below:

  1. Feet
  2. Seat
  3. Front
  4. Back

A trampoline routine must always start and finish on feet. A routine and start their routine within a minute.The trampolinist must stop completely – this means that the trampoline must stop moving as well – and they have to hold still for a count of 3 seconds before moving.

In competitions, moves must usually be performed in one of the following 3 basic shapes:

Shape Method
Tucked with knees clasped to chest by hands
Piked with hands touching close to feet and both arms and legs straight
Straddle legs creating a triangle with hands on ankles

A fourth ‘shape’, known as ‘puck’ because it appears to be a hybrid of pike and tuck, is often used in multiple twisting somersaults – it is typically used in place of a ‘tuck’ and in competition would normally be judged as an open tuck shape.

A straddle, or straddled pike is a variant of a pike with arms and legs spread wide and is only recognised as a move as a shaped jump and not in any somersault moves.

Rotation is performed about the body’s longitudinal and lateral axes, producing twists and somersaults respectively. Twists are done in multiples of a half, and somersaults in multiples of a quarter.


Competition safety must always be first!! Although trampoline gymnasts are highly trained, they are also attempting to perform complex manoeuvres which could lead to accidents and falls.

The rules for International competitions (updated by FIG in 2006) also require 200mm thick mats on the floor for 2 metres around each trampoline and for there to be four spotters whose task is to attempt to catch or reduce the impact of an athlete falling off the side of the trampoline bed.

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